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The grave was within a large collapsed house, whose form anticipates that of the Greek temples two centuries later.
Clearly, then, record keeping and organized activity involving more than one community and centring on a sanctuary, such as Olympia, go back to the early 8th century.
(Such competitive activity is an example of what has been called “peer-polity interaction.”) Records imply a degree of literacy, and there too the tradition about the 8th century has been confirmed by late 20th-century finds.
This surely implies that Greece was settling down after something.) Thucydides does indeed display sound knowledge of the series of migrations by which Greece was resettled in the post-Mycenaean period.
The most famous of these was the “Dorian invasion,” which the Greeks called, or connected with, the legendary “return of the descendants of Heracles.” Although much about that invasion is problematic—it left little or no archaeological trace at the point in time where tradition puts it—the problems are of no concern here.
(Euboean priority can be taken as absolutely certain because archaeology supports the literary tradition of the Roman historian Livy and others: Euboean pottery has been found both at Pithekoussai to the west and at the Turkish site of Al-Mina to the east.) This more-organized phase began in Italy about 750 and in Sicily in 734 needs to be stressed, because various considerations make it necessary to push back beyond that date the beginning of Greek colonization.
First, it is clear from archaeological finds, such as the Lefkandi material, and from other new evidence that the Greeks had already, before 750 or 734, confronted and exchanged goods with the inhabitants of Italy and Sicily.The only exceptions were those areas, such as pharaonic Egypt or inner Anatolia, where the inhabitants were too militarily and politically advanced to be easily overrun.One may ask why the Greeks suddenly began to launch these overseas projects.That is a surprisingly abstract way of looking at the subdivisions of the Greeks, because it would have been more natural for a 5th-century Greek to identify soldiers by home cities.Equally important to the understanding of this period is the hostility to Ionians, another linguistic and religious subgroup, whose most-famous city was Athens.A cup, bearing the inscription in Greek in the Euboean script “I am the cup of Nestor,” can be securely dated to before 700 Euboeans has already been remarked upon in connection with the discoveries at Lefkandi.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating