Vedas dating

The Vedas are considered the earliest literary record of Indo-Aryan civilization and the most sacred books of India.

As Vedic Scholar David Frawley puts it, if the Rig Veda is the word, Sama Veda is the song or the meaning; if Rig Veda is the knowledge, Sama Veda is its realization; if Rig Veda is the wife, the Sama Veda is her husband.

The Yajur Veda is also a liturgical collection and was made to meet the demands of a ceremonial religion.

The Yajur Veda served as a practical guidebook for the priests who execute sacrificial acts while muttering simultaneously the prose prayers and the sacrificial formulae (‘yajus’).

It is similar to ancient Egypt’s “Book of the Dead.” There are no less than six complete recessions of Yajur Veda--Madyandina, Kanva, Taittiriya, Kathaka, Maitrayani and Kapishthala.

The Brahmanas are ritualistic texts that include precepts and religious duties. The Aryanyakas (forest texts) intend to serve as objects of meditation for ascetics who live in forests and deal with mysticism and symbolism.

The Upanishads form the concluding portions of the Veda and is therefore called the “Vedanta” or the end of the Veda.

The rig Veda accounts in detail the social, religious, political and economic background of the Rig-Vedic civilization.

Even though monotheism characterizes some of the hymns of Rig Veda, naturalistic polytheism and monism can be discerned in the religion of the hymns of the Rig Veda.

And they will forever remain the most comprehensive and universal of all ancient Hindu scriptures.

Next, let's look at the four Vedas individually, ~ Rig Veda The Rig Veda is a collection of inspired songs or hymns and is a main source of information on the Rig Vedic civilization.

As the ancient Hindus seldom kept any historical record of their religious, literary and political realization, it is difficult to determine the period of the Vedas with precision.

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